In December 2020, a new PartnerAfrica project of the Bildungswerk der Bayerischen Wirtschaft (bbw) gGmbH started in partnership with the local private education provider Don Bosco Salesians in Ethiopia. Among other things, Don Bosco runs two vocational training centres in Addis Ababa with various training offers in craft-related occupational fields, whereby the training level is rather low, so that it also appeals to young people without school-leaving qualifications and offers an opportunity to those who formally would not have access to vocational training. The costs for pupils from poorer families are subsidised by the provider. The main aim is to give disadvantaged young people a professional perspective.
However, vocational training in Ethiopia is usually not very relevant to practice and is not geared to the demand on the labour market. The curricula are often outdated and the teaching staff is not up to date. Within the framework of the project, this is now to be counteracted through 4-month vocational preparation courses for professions that are in demand. In addition, the graduates subsequently receive individual support in their transition to the labour market.
The teachers at Don Bosco's two partner schools, the Mekanissa TVET College and the Don Bosco Children TVET Institute, are trained in the implementation of the short qualification courses according to the BINA approach. The "BINA" approach (Bina = Arabic for structure) developed by the German partner TVET institution bbw comprises the three components of competence and interest identification (profiling) of the trainees, short vocational qualifications and subsequent job placement, flanked by corresponding further training measures for the teachers and partner organisation.
Due to their good employment potential and demand in Ethiopia and based on the capacities of the vocational schools, the trades cooking/kitchen operation, car repair, mobile phone repair, electrical installation, sanitary installation and graphic design are potentially suitable for the short qualifications.
The focus of the project is placement in work. The schools cooperate with several companies and place the trainees in internships and permanent jobs. The placement rate of the two schools is currently around 90%.
The participating companies benefit from the qualification measures because they find trained skilled workers with skills that are more closely aligned with their needs and thus have less effort and costs for recruiting suitable employees.
The project does not create new training structures, but integrates the approach into the existing principle of the partner TVET schools: the short courses offered are based on individual units of competence (UoC) from regular VET measures and are certified via a nationally recognised assessment (competence certification).
A total of up to 8 cycles of 125 participants each can be carried out during the project period. Thus, up to 1,000 participants can be trained, of whom at least about 300 are to be placed in paid work.